What to Know about Composting

Over the years you can produce a significant amount of waste, from discarded food to waste that results from lawn care, or anything perishable that you use inside your home. With the amount of leaves that fall each year, yard clippings bagged, spoiled food that’s thrown out and so much more, a compost pile can seriously help with recycling your waste. This is an excellent idea for your home that will teach your children about recycling and prevent your garbage from going to waste. The nutrient-rich results that your composting project yields can also be spread onto your lawn like a high quality fertilizer.

  1. Building a Compost Box
    Composting is basically using the leftover waste of biodegradable materials that break down naturally. This can provide you with several environmental benefits, and it is very easy to do. You will essentially create a pile of your waste, but ideally you will want to pour your biodegradable waste into a box or gated area. This way it can commoditize your space, keep animals out of your compost pile, and give you a concentrated area for your materials to break down in the best possible way. You can make a simple four sided box with openings on the side to the size you want, but make sure to surround the box with chicken wire so your compost will not spill out. This way air, water, and other beneficial organisms can flow freely into your compost, breaking it down accordingly.
  2. Filling Your Box
    Filling your compost box is a delicate process that works best if equal parts of your compost are filled together and mixed. The best way to do this is consider the waste by the color. Yard waste is mostly green while cardboards, dead leaves, and recyclables are mostly brown. Take the predominate colors you use and mix them accordingly to the color to balance out the nutrients you are returning to the ground.
  3. Mixing It Up
    Since the different colors of your compost can create different types of nutrients once broken down, it is a good idea to mix them up accordingly. Begin by layering the compost according to color and this will allow for you to gauge how to mix your compost. It is ideal to have three parts of brown compost for every one part of green compost to yield the best results. Knowing how much you have allows you to mix it up, and then each week turn the compost by flipping it over. After a few weeks of mixing, flipping, and letting it degrade, the compost will become a nutrient enriched soil to spread.
  4. Keep It out of the Pile
    The goal of composting is to create nutrient enriched soil for your yard, and it may be difficult to know what can be put in a compost pile to yield the best results. You are safe when it comes to biodegradable materials, but only to a certain point. One should never put in diseased plants, bones, synthetic materials, plastics, motor oils, meats, or animal waste unless the animal is a strict herbivore. Using common sense would best dictate what should and shouldn’t be in a compost pile. If it cannot degrade into a simpler substance in a under a year, and if it does not produce a poisonous after affect to you or to the environment, then it is safe to compost.
  5. Spreading It Around
    Once the compost is ready you will be left with a box full of nutrient enriched soil from everything that has been broken down. You will simply need a wheel barrel and a shovel for this next part. Empty out the compost into the wheel barrel and walk around the property where you wish the composted soil to be. Once you have chosen an area, spread a thin layer on the ground and work the compost into the soil with a rake. The compost will inject its rich nutrients into the ground and produce a perfect area for grass, plants, trees, and bushes to grow.